El Niño Phenomenon developed throughout the Central American Pacific basin, so the rains will be scarce in the next three months in this region, according to climate experts in San Salvador.
The lack of rainfall, according to the members of the Central American Climate Forum (FCAC), is because El Niño gained strength due to the “coupling of the ocean and the atmosphere.
Experts from all over the region agreed that, since February 2019, the El Niño phenomenon has fully developed and that there is a 75% probability that this condition will persist during May, June and July,”
the FCAC said in a statement.
Meteorologists and other experts from the isthmus met in San Salvador to review current atmospheric and oceanic conditions and their implications on weather patterns and the hydrological and rainfall perspective.
In the case of Belize, according to the report, the entire country will have a rainfall deficit regime, while in Guatemala three scenarios will be presented: 45% of the territory with a normal rainfall system, 25% above normal and 30% below normal.
In the case of El Salvador most of the territory will have shortage of rains, and only in Santa Ana, Ahuachapán and Sonsonate, in the west of the country, the situation will be normal.
Honduras will have a normal rainfall scenario in 45% of the territory and the rest will be impacted by the lack of rainfall.
For Nicaragua, a rainfall condition between normal and low is expected; in the case of Costa Rica, it will have rains above normal in 45% of the territory, 35% will be normal and 20% of the country will have a deficit.
In Panama, the situation will move normal and below normal.
As in recent years, the drought condition will be greater in the Central American dry corridor, which extends from the Pacific coast of Guatemala to the northwest of Costa Rica.
The experts also foresee that El Niño tropical cyclone season in the eastern Pacific will be more active than normal, while in the North Atlantic it will be less intense than in the normal period.